There are many theories of change.  As many ideas as there are people.  We all have our own ideas of how change will happen.  But this is a popular spectrum which helps us understand the range of change ideas that are out there…


Community Engagement and Theories of Change

Inform – Consult – Involve – Empower – Enable






David Bailey at his presentation to us about placemaking referred to this spectrum and provided us with a humourous version.